The region has been struck by many disasters in recent years. Earthquakes, floods, landslides, cyclones, glacial lake outbursts, and man-made disasters have caused massive loss of life, destruction of homes and infrastructure, loss of livelihoods, and economic upheaval. Understanding the nature and risks of disasters, how to prepare for and mitigate risks, respond, and to recover, reconstruct and rehabilitate are critical for the country, institutions, and the communities.
The region is one of most affected by climate change. Monsoon patterns are shifting causing flooding in areas which are less able to absorb the massive amounts of water, destroying entire villages and agricultural land. Glacial melting in the Himalaya, Karakoram, and Hindu Kush mountain ranges is also leading to Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF). Extreme temperatures are being experienced and increasing the risks of long-term droughts. Sea levels are rising and the water is warming, causing damage to coastal areas and marine life. Disasters and climate change also pose threats to national and regional security due to displacement of populations, water and land disputes, and other challenges that arise following a catastrophe.
The region is also at risk of epidemics and pandemics which can spread across countries and borders creating major health emergencies. In a region already pressured by lack of good health facilities, poverty, and poor nutrition, the risks of outbreaks either as a result of disasters or conflict, or an outbreak of certain diseases, are exacerbated.
We work with our partners to assess, analyse, and reduce the impacts of all types of natural and man-made disasters, health emergencies, and climate change. In the event of a crisis, we provide a range of support services to assist with an effective response, recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.
- Disaster risk management
- Disaster risk reduction
- Response planning and implementation
- Health emergency preparedness and response
- Recovery, rehabilitation and construction
- Climate change adaptation
- Community based disaster risk management programs (CBDRM)
- Multi-hazard and vulnerability risk assessments
- Civil-military coordination in disasters and conflict
- Gender considerations
- Humanitarian and development challenges
- Safe schools programs